原発事故後の短期、長期の健康影響_Short-Term and Long-Term Health Risks of Nuclear-Power-Plant Accidents

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2011年04月21日(Thu) 14:08

世界の一流医学雑誌のNEJMに載りました。
日本からは4月中は無料で読めます。

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Short-Term and Long-Term Health Risks of Nuclear-Power-Plant Accidents
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra1103676?query=featured_home

John P. Christodouleas, M.D., M.P.H., Robert D. Forrest, C.H.P., Christopher G. Ainsley,
Ph.D., Zelig Tochner, M.D., Stephen M. Hahn, M.D., and Eli Glatstein, M.D.

April 20, 2011 (10.1056/NEJMra1103676)

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0-magnitude earthquake struck the east coast of Japan. The total
number of people who died in the earthquake and the tsunami that it generated is still
being assessed, but the official estimation already exceeds 14,000.1 The natural disaster
also caused substantial damage to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, the consequences
of which are still unclear. The purpose of this review is to put the emergency at the Japanese
power plant, even as it is evolving, into the context of the extensive literature on
nuclear-reactor accidents by analyzing the mechanisms and major short-term and long-term
health risks of radiation exposure. In addition, we briefly discuss the accidents at Three
Mile Island in Pennsylvania in 1979 and at Chernobyl in Ukraine in 1986 because they
illustrate the broad range of potential outcomes.

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