両親の喫煙習慣と児の喘息発症の長期追跡結果_Longitudinal study of parental smoking habits and development of asthma in early childhood.

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2012年01月08日(Sun) 18:23 by drharasho

英文の共著論文の別刷りをいただきました。
21世紀出生児縦断調査のデータを元に、
受動喫煙と児の喘息発症との関係を解析した論文です。

Prev Med. 2011 Oct 26. [Epub ahead of print]

Longitudinal study of parental smoking habits and development of asthma in early childhood.
両親の喫煙習慣と児の喘息発症の長期追跡結果

Kanoh M, Kaneita Y, Hara M, Harada S, Gon Y, Kanamaru H, Ohida T.
Source

Division of Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine,
Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:This study examined the association between parental smoking habits and the development
of asthma in early childhood by using representative samples.

METHODS:The survey subjects included all of the 53,575 babies born in Japan during the periods
January 10-17 and July 10-17, 2001. The families of the subjects were asked to complete
questionnaires that were delivered by post at 6months, 1year 6months, 2years 6months, 3years
6months, and 4years 6months postpartum. The first survey contained questions regarding the smoking
habits of the parents. The second to fifth surveys asked if the child had needed medical attention
for the treatment of asthma.

RESULTS:Data from 36,888 subjects (collection rate: 68.9%) were analyzed. The 4-year cumulative
incidence of asthma was 12.0%. Maternal indoor smoking significantly increased the risk of asthma
development in children, 4-year risk 14.4% vs. 11.7%, risk ratio=1.24, 95% CI: 1.11 to 1.38. No
statistically significant association was found between paternal smoking and asthma development
in children.
母親に室内での喫煙習慣があると4歳までの喘息発症が有意に増加。父親の喫煙歴に有意な影響はない

CONCLUSIONS:In order to prevent the development of asthma in early childhood, it is necessary
to formulate measures to stop or discourage maternal smoking.

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