米国CDCからの、ミズーリ州での人種別喫煙率などの解析レポート(2003~2007年)です。

このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加

2010年11月25日(Thu) 03:16

CDCによる解析で、米国ミズーリ州では黒人の喫煙者のほうが、
白人喫煙者より喫煙関連疾患による死亡率が高い、
といったデータがでています。

詳細は以下を参照して下さい。

Racial Disparities in Smoking-Attributable Mortality and
Years of Potential Life Lost --- Missouri, 2003--2007

November 26, 2010 / 59(46);1518-1522

An estimated 443,000 deaths in the United States occur each year
as a result of cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke (1).
These deaths cost the nation approximately $97 billion in lost
productivity and $96 billion in health-care costs (1).
During 2000--2004 in Missouri, smoking caused 9,600 deaths,
132,000 years of potential life lost (YPLL), $2.4 billion in
productivity losses, and $2.2 billion in smoking-related health-care
expenditures annually (2). To limit the adverse health consequences
of tobacco use, states implement comprehensive tobacco control programs
that identify disparities among population groups and target those
disproportionately affected by tobacco use (3). This report compares
the public health burden of smoking among whites and blacks in Missouri
by estimating the number of smoking-attributable deaths and YPLL in
these population subgroups during 2003--2007. The findings indicate
that the average annual smoking-attributable mortality (SAM) rate
in the state was 18% higher for blacks (338 deaths per 100,000) than
for whites (286 deaths per 100,000). The relative difference in
smoking-attributable mortality rates between blacks and whites was
larger for men (28%) than women (11%). For Missouri, these estimates
provide an important benchmark for measuring the success of tobacco
control programs in decreasing the burden of smoking-related diseases
in these populations and reaffirm the need for full implementation
of the state's comprehensive tobacco control program (3).

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