妊娠中の喫煙の影響による子どもの犯罪傾向など

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2010年11月25日(Thu) 07:45

妊娠中の喫煙が出生後の児の精神運動発達に、
どのような影響を与えるかについては、諸外国から
多数の論文がでています。

最新のものとして、米国ボストンから、
成人後の犯罪傾向が強まる、という論文がだされました。

類似の論文はかなりのものが、full paperを無料で
ダウンロードできると言うことから、
かなり関心をもたれている領域と言えそうです。

関連論文も添付しておきます。

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Maternal smoking during pregnancy and criminal offending among adult offspring.

J Epidemiol Community Health. 2010 Nov 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Paradis AD, Fitzmaurice GM, Koenen KC, Buka SL.

Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health,
Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Abstract

Background Although a number of previous studies have reported an association
between maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSP) and externalising behaviour
problems among offspring, it has been suggested that this relationship is
spurious due to the failure of these studies to properly account for important
confounding factors. Methods The relationship between MSP and adult criminal
offending was examined using data from 3766 members of the Providence, Rhode
Island, cohort of the Collaborative Perinatal Project. Information on MSP and
most potential confounders was collected prospectively throughout pregnancy.
In 1999-2000 all offspring had reached 33 years of age and an adult
criminal record check was performed. Because previous research has been
criticised for not properly accounting for confounding influences, our primary
aim was to determine whether the MSP-criminal offending relationship held after
efficiently adjusting for a wide range of sociodemographic and family
background characteristics using propensity score methods. Results The
association between MSP and adult criminal offending remained after controlling
for propensity scores. Offspring of mothers who smoked heavily during pregnancy
(≥20 cigarettes per day) had the greatest odds of an adult arrest record
(OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.62). Findings also suggest that MSP may be an
independent risk factor for adult criminal histories marked by multiple
arrests. Lastly, our findings show that the impact of MSP operates similarly
across both genders. Conclusion Results from this study provide evidence of
an association between heavy MSP and long-term criminal offending. Any causal
association is likely to be weak to moderate in strength.

PMID: 21081311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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